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Civilian Conservation Corps in Georiga

ABOUT THE CCC

The Civilian Conservation Corps was launched in 1933 as part of the Emergency Conservation Act. It put as many as 3.5 million men ages 18-25 to work in every state and the U.S. territories of Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. The successful New Deal program included white and black workers who were paid $30 per month, with $25 of that being sent back to their families who were desperate for food and other necessities. The CCC crews built state and national parks, handled erosion control and reforestation, built roads and even installed infrastructure such as telephone lines. The program ended in 1942 with World War II raging in the Pacific and Europe.

FDR STATE PARK

One of the primary accomplishments locally was construction of infrastructure inside Franklin D. Roosevelt State Park in Pine Mountain, Ga., about 40 miles north of Columbus. The 9,049-acre park’s camping sites, swimming pool, headquarters and 11 of its 22 cottages were constructed by CCC crews between 1933 and 1938. Some workers came from other areas of the nation, although many were from surrounding towns and cities in Georgia, including Columbus. The stacked stone style of the buildings was typical of CCC work.

LITTLE WHITE HOUSE

Though the CCC did little of the work at the Little White House, President Roosevelt’s southern retreat, the national historic site still played a critical role in the New Deal policies and programs that helped the U.S. rebound from the Great Depression. Roosevelt visited Warm Springs, Ga., often to ease pain from his polio illness. It was at the Little White House and at FDR State Park that the nation’s only four-term president contemplated major decisions related to the economy and World War II. He died at the Little White House in April 1945, suffering a stroke while posing for a portrait.

SPECIAL EVENTS

Commemoration: The Little White House staff will pay tribute to President Roosevelt on the 64th anniversary of his death Tuesday, April 14, 11 a.m.-12:30 p.m. The event includes the U.S. Marine Corps Color Guard, music by the U.S. Army Infantry Center Band and a speaker. School groups are invited to attend the special event.

Happy Birthday: In May of 1932, a housewarming party was thrown to celebrate the construction of FDR’s Little White House. Cookies and lemonade will be served on the sundeck, just like the original housewarming, from noon-3 p.m. Saturday, May 2.

Riding Through History: Travel back in time, 10 a.m.-11:30 a.m. Saturday, March 28, on a slow-paced horseback ride in a region dominated by oak forests. Visit the same valley that hunters and trappers considered the frontier and view the Civilian Conservation Corps structures that are now left as monuments of hard times. $45 plus $3 parking. 706-628-7463. Online: www.rooseveltstables.com

PARK INFO

Roosevelt’s Little White House Historic Site 401 Little White House Road Warm Springs, Ga. Online: www.gastateparks.org Phone: 706-655-5870 Hours: 9 a.m.-4:45 p.m. daily. Closed Thanksgiving, Christmas Day and New Year’s Day Admission: $4-$7 Directions: Located one-quarter mile south of Warm Springs on Ga. 85 Alt.-U.S. 27 Alt.

F.D. Roosevelt State Park 2970 Ga. 190 Pine Mountain, Ga. Online: www.gastateparks.org Phone: 800-864-7275 (reservations), 706-663-4858 (park office), 706-628-7463 (stables) Admission: $3 daily parking pass required Directions: Located just off Interstate 185 near Callaway Gardens, west of Warm Springs on Ga. Route 190, or south of Pine Mountain off U.S. 27.

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